Creating a Healthy Home Step 1: Clean
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June is National Healthy Homes Month — this month the NC State Extension Healthy Homes program will be highlighting the steps involved in creating a healthy home for you and your family.
Why a clean home is an important step toward a healthy home: Houses that are kept clean will help reduce family members’ exposure to many indoor pollutants such as bacteria, lead, and allergens like dust mites. A neat, clean house is also less inviting to mice, rats, and other pests. And a tidy house is also a safe house. Toys, reading materials, shoes, and other items left on floors can create tripping hazards, especially if left on stairs.
A clean house controls allergens: House dust mites are tiny bugs, too small to be seen by the naked eye. They feed on shed human skin cells. The fecal pellets of dust mites contain potent allergens and asthma triggers. If your eyes start to burn and water when you stir up dust in your home or when you make a bed, you are likely having an allergic reaction to dust mite allergens. Regular cleaning of your house using proper techniques can easily keep your home free of many allergens, including those from dust mites.
A clean house reduces children’s exposure to lead: Another common component of household dust is lead. Older homes, those built prior to 1978, often contain lead painted surfaces. Paint chips and dust from friction and impact surfaces as well as painting and remodeling activities are often the source of lead in these older homes. But newer homes are not completely immune to lead contaminated household dust. Until 1986 gasoline used by motor vehicles contained lead additives . When catalytic converters became required on cars and trucks, lead additives were removed from gasoline because lead destroys catalytic converters. But until that time, millions of tons of lead were released into the environment along highways and streets across the United States. Much of this lead settled on lawns and gardens surrounding homes. When dirt and dust get tracked indoors it often contains some of this lead. By regularly cleaning your home you help prevent children’s exposure to lead-contaminated household dust.
Special cleaning methods should be followed when cleaning surfaces if your home was built prior to 1978. For more information about lead paint and lead exposure, see the EPA page on lead.
A clean house helps reduce pests: A clean house also helps to control pests like rats and mice. They need places to hide and make nests. Keeping your home free of clutter deprives pests of these hiding places and discourages them from coming into and staying in your home. Washing dirty dishes and wiping kitchen work surfaces after each meal helps deprive pests of food. If pests don’t find food in your home, they will not stay.
Cleaning methods for controlling allergens in your home:
Household dust contains many different compounds, including pieces of human skin, insect parts, rodent and insect feces, plant pollen, textile fibers, and many other items. Exposure to these compounds and the potential for inhaling them when dust becomes airborne is not healthy. Control household dust by vacuuming floors once or twice weekly with a HEPA vacuum or a regular vacuum fitted with a HEPA bag. HEPA is an abbreviation for high-efficiency particulate air filter. These types of bags can trap almost all dust sucked up by a vacuum and therefore keep it from being blown back into the air via the vacuum exhaust port. HEPA filters for most types of vacuums can be purchased at vacuum cleaner supply outlets. Note that adding a HEPA bag to a conventional vacuum cleaner is not always as effective as using a HEPA vacuum cleaner. Because of loose fittings or connections, conventional vacuum cleaners can release dust into the air while they are operating, even if a HEPA bag is used.
Cleaning strategies for controlling dust mites: House dust mites often live in mattresses and pillows. Washing pillow cases and sheets once per week in hot water (130 degrees or hotter) can help control them. Placing allergy proof encasements over pillows and mattresses is also a very effective control measure. These encasements should be washed once a week in hot water.
General cleaning tips and information
- Make cleanup a habit and perform cleaning chores regularly. The list below gives suggestions on how often to clean various items in your kitchen:
- Wash dishes
- Wipe kitchen work surfaces (countertops, cook-tops, sinks)
- Sweep kitchen floor
- Empty Trash
Once a week:
- Check refrigerator and throw out spoiled food
- Mop floor
- Scrub kitchen sink
- Disinfect kitchen cleaning sponges
- Wash and rinse kitchen trash can
Every Three to Six Months depending on condition of surfaces:
- Wash face of kitchen cabinets
- Thoroughly clean refrigerator and microwave oven
- Clean out and wash cupboards
- Wash walls and woodwork
- Wash curtains
- Clean oven
- Wash light fixtures